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更新时间:2004/10/27

15. Easy and Difficult 易学的和难学的语言

A: People always say that Chinese and English are very hard to learn. Sometimes I wish I were learning French or Japanese. Maybe they'd be easier.
B: Maybe, but maybe not too. It all depends on what language you already speak.
A: Why should that be? What diffrence does it make?
B: Well, languages are more or less equally difficult. Most of the things one language says must be said by every language in some way.
A: You mean I could learn Chinese easily?
B: No, because your native language is Spanish. But Italian might be easy. It has a lot of words that are similar to words in Spanish. Even the sound systems are more similar than that of Chinese is to Spanish. How difficult a language is to learn depends mostly on how much it resembles your own language.

Notes
Sound system-the total arrangement of the vocal units of a language
Resembles-is like

A:人们常说汉语和英语是很难学的。有的时候我想要是我学法语或日语就好了。也许这两种语言容易些。
B:可能,不过也可能不太容易。这要看你原来是说什么语言的。
A:为什么呢?这有什么关系?
B:哦,语言大体上都是同样地难学。一种语言中所说的绝大部分东西,在别的语言中差不多都有。
A:你的意思是说我学汉语会很容易?
B:不,因为你的母语是西班牙语。所以意大利语可能容易些。它有很多词同西班牙语相似。连它的语音体系也比汉语更接近西班牙语。一种语言是否难学,主要看它在多大程度上同自己的语言相近。

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